Productivity of mungbean (Vigna radiata) as influenced by phosphorus fertilizer
Keywords:Growth, Mungbean, Phosphorus, genotypes, Yield attributes and Yield
A Field experiment was conducted at the agriculture faculty of Kunduz University farm during the summer season of 2023 to study the effect of genotypes and phosphorus levels on growth, yield attributes and yield of mungbean. The experiment was laid out in a split plot design with two genotypes of mugbean viz watani and Zirati, four phosphorus levels viz control (no fertilizer), 20, 40 and 60 kg P2O5 ha-1 with three replications The experimental findings indicated that the growth parameters, yield attributes and yield viz. plant height (63.50cm), days to 50% flowering stage (36.50 days), days to maturity (76.5), LAI at harvest (1.61), dry matter (111.83gr/plant), branches/plant(10.33), pod length (6.73cm), pods/plant (16.66), seeds/pod (7.66),100 seed weight (32.5gr), seed yield (1227.83 kg/ha), stover yield (1,977.50 kg/ha) and biological yield (3,205.33kg/ha) were enhanced due to watani genotypes along with application of 60 kg P2O5ha-1, whereas the minimum growth parameters, yield attributes and yield was obtained in the plots Zirati genotypes with no phosphorus application.
Amanullah BA. 2013. Stewart. Dry matter partitioning, growth analysis and water use efficiency response of oats (Avena sativa L.) to excessive nitrogen and phosphorus application. Journal Agricultural Science Technology, 15: 479-489.
Anjum MS, Ahmed ZI & Rauf CA. 2006. Effect of rhizobium inoculation and nitrogen fertilizer on yield and yield components of mung bean. International Journal of Agriculture Biology, 8(2): 238–40.
Bana RS, Shivay YS & Tyagi VK. 2015. Effect of summer forage crops and phosphogypsum-enriched urea on soil quality, nitrogen-use efficiency and quality of Basmati rice (Oryza sativa) and their residual effect on succeeding wheat (Triticum aestivum). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 85 (4): 531-538.
Gajera RJ, Khafi H, Raj R, Yadav AD & Lad AN. 2014. Effect of phosphorus and bio-fertilizers on growth, yield and economics of summer green gram (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek). Agriculture Update, 9 (1): 98-102.
Sadiq Gul Agha, Azizi Fazlrabi, Khaleeq Khalilullah, Farkhari Z & Amini AM. 2023. Effect of different seeding rates on growth and yield of common bean. Journal of Environmental and Agricultural Studies, 4(3): 41–45. https://doi.org/10.32996/jeas.2023.4.3.6
Hemmat Najibullah, Khaleeq Khalilullah, Nasrat NA, Meena SL, Shivay YS, Kumar D & Varghese C. 2023. Productivity of wheat (Triticum aestivum) as influenced by zinc fertilization under semi-arid conditions of Kandahar, Afghanistan. Indian Journal of Agronomy, 68 (2): 215-218.
Hossain MA & Hamid A. 2007. Influence of N and P fertilizer application on root growth, leaf photosynthesis and yield performance of groundnut. Bangladesh J. Agri. Res., 32 (3): 369-374.
Imran Khan A, Inam I & Ahmad F. 2016. Yield, and yield attributes of mungbean (Vigna radiata L) cultivars as affected by phosphorous levels under different tillage systems. Cogent Food & Agriculture, 2: 1151982.
Imran. 2015. Effect of germination on proximate composition of two maize cultivars. J Bio Agric Health Care, 5 (3): 123-128.
Jan A, Alam K, Amanullah & Stewart BA. 2012. Mungbean response to tillage systems and phosphorus management under moisture stress condition. J. Plant Nutr., 35(1): 21-33.
Jat HS, and Ahlawat, IPS. 2001. Effect of land configuration, post-monsoon irrigation and fertilizer application on pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan). Agronomy Digest, 1: 52 – 55.
Khaleeq K, Bidar AB, Amini AM, Nazir R and Faizan UF. 2023. Effect of phosphorus fertilizer and seed rates on growth and yield of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L) in Kunduz, Afghanistan. Journal of Environmental and Agricultural Studies, 4(3): 01-06.
Khalil SK, Khan S, Rahman A, Khan AZ, Khalil IH, Amanullah, Wahab S, Mohammad F, Nigar S, Zubair M, Parveen S & Khan A. 2010. Seed priming and phosphorus application enhance phenology and dry matter production of wheat. Pak. J. Bot., 42(3):1849-1856.
Kumari R, Shekhawat KS, Gupta R & Khokhar MK. 2012. Integrated management against root-rot of mung bean (Vigna radiata L.) incited by Macrophomina phaseolina. J Plant Pathol Microb., 3: 5. doi: 10.4172/2157-7471.1000136.
Muhammad AN, Rashid A & Ahmad MS. 2004. Effect of seed inoculation and different fertilizer levels on the growth and yield of mung bean (Vigna radiata L.) J. Agronomy, 3: 40-42.
Nazir R. Sayedi SA, Zaryal Khalilullah. Khaleeq Khalilullah, Godara Samarth, Bamboriya SD & Bana RS. 2022. Effects of phosphorus application on bunch and spreading genotypes of groundnut Journal of Agriculture and Ecology, 14: 26-31.
Peter HG & Vance CP. 2003. Legumes: importance and constraints to greater use. Plant Physiol., 131: 872-877.
Prasad SK, Singh MK & Jay Singh. 2014. Response of rhizobium inoculation and phosphorus levels on mungbean (Vigna radiata) under guava-based Agrihorti system. Save Nature to Survive, 9 (2): 557 – 60.
Raboy V. 2003. Molecules of interest: myo-inositol-1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6-hexakisphosphate. Phytochem., 64: 1033–1043.
Rasheed Muhammad, Mahmood Tariq and Nazir Muhammad Shafi. 2003. Response of hybrid maize to different planting methods and nutrient management. Pakistan. Journal of Agriculture, 40 (1-2): 39 – 42.
Shah SK, Aslam HM, Khan P, Memon M, Imtiaz S, Siddiqui & Nizamuddin. 2006. Effect of different methods and rates of phosphorus application in mung bean. Soil & Environ., 25 (1): 55-58.
Shete PG Baviskar, VS & Yadhav SL. 2010. Effect of land configuration, inorganic fertilizers and levels of FYM on quality and nutrient status of rabi greengram. International Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 6 (2): 546 – 48.
Yadi R. 2012. Role of zinc fertilizer on grain yield and some qualities parameters in Iranian rice genotypes. Annals of Biological Research, 3 (9): 4519-4527.
Yagoob H & Yagoob M. 2014. the effects of water deficit stress on protein yield of mung bean genotypes. Pak J Agri Sci., 2 (3): 30–5.
Amipara RP & Makwana BD. 2023. Efficacy of organic inputs on nutrient management and cost-benefit ratio on pulse crops in organic farming. Journal of Agriculture and Ecology, 16: 5–10. https://doi.org/10.58628/JAE-2316-202.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.