Zero budget natural farming practices on yield of crops (Maize + soybean and Pea + coriander) in mid hill of Sikkim Himalayas


  • SK Das -
  • A Kumar -
  • A Yadav -
  • R Laha -
  • VK Mishra Director



Natural farming, Low input farming, cropping system, cost effective, economics


Natural Farming (NF) is an alternative low-input, climate-resilient farming practice that have emerged to reduce input costs and higher yields for farmers from locally available inputs by eliminating the use of chemical fertilizers and improving soil fertility. In this article, it was physico-chemically characterized the different formulations (jeevamrit, ghanjeevamrit and beejamrit) for different parameters and found that it varies at different interval days. This present article mainly focused on the different cropping system of the natural farming and also evaluating the economics of the returns with the conventional farming system. Therefore, the cropping system practiced are Maize and soybean during kharif season followed by vegetable pea and coriander during the rabi season. Result for the different natural farming practices in soybean + maize intercropping revealed that the maximum sole yield was recorded under AI-NPOF packages with 26.1 q/ha followed by complete natural farming with 21.4 q/ha whereas other treatments remained non-significant. In intercropping, the yield was found to be maximum under complete natural farming with (35.9 q/ha). The system BC ratio was highest under AI-NPOF Packages (1.82) followed by complete natural farming (1.20). In the pea-coriander system, the higher sole yield was recorded under AI-NPOF package with (70 q/ha) followed by complete NF (61.4 q/ha). The intercropping yield and vegetable pea equivalent were highest under complete NF. The result indicated that in natural farming, the vegetable-based cropping system was profitable in comparison to the maize based in terms of the net returns.


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Author Biographies

SK Das, -

ICAR RC for NEH Region, Sikkim Centre, Tadong, Sikkim-737102, India

A Kumar, -

ICAR RC for NEH Region, Sikkim Centre, Tadong, Sikkim-737102, India

A Yadav, -

ICAR RC for NEH Region, Sikkim Centre, Tadong, Sikkim-737102, India

R Laha, -

ICAR RC for NEH Region, Sikkim Centre, Tadong, Sikkim-737102, India

VK Mishra, Director

ICAR RC for NEH Region, Umiam, Meghalaya-793103, India


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How to Cite

SK Das, A Kumar, A Yadav, R Laha, & VK Mishra. (2023). Zero budget natural farming practices on yield of crops (Maize + soybean and Pea + coriander) in mid hill of Sikkim Himalayas. Journal of Agriculture and Ecology, 16(16), 37–42.