Zero budget natural farming practices on yield of crops (Maize + soybean and Pea + coriander) in mid hill of Sikkim Himalayas
Keywords:Natural farming, Low input farming, cropping system, cost effective, economics
Natural Farming (NF) is an alternative low-input, climate-resilient farming practice that have emerged to reduce input costs and higher yields for farmers from locally available inputs by eliminating the use of chemical fertilizers and improving soil fertility. In this article, it was physico-chemically characterized the different formulations (jeevamrit, ghanjeevamrit and beejamrit) for different parameters and found that it varies at different interval days. This present article mainly focused on the different cropping system of the natural farming and also evaluating the economics of the returns with the conventional farming system. Therefore, the cropping system practiced are Maize and soybean during kharif season followed by vegetable pea and coriander during the rabi season. Result for the different natural farming practices in soybean + maize intercropping revealed that the maximum sole yield was recorded under AI-NPOF packages with 26.1 q/ha followed by complete natural farming with 21.4 q/ha whereas other treatments remained non-significant. In intercropping, the yield was found to be maximum under complete natural farming with (35.9 q/ha). The system BC ratio was highest under AI-NPOF Packages (1.82) followed by complete natural farming (1.20). In the pea-coriander system, the higher sole yield was recorded under AI-NPOF package with (70 q/ha) followed by complete NF (61.4 q/ha). The intercropping yield and vegetable pea equivalent were highest under complete NF. The result indicated that in natural farming, the vegetable-based cropping system was profitable in comparison to the maize based in terms of the net returns.
Chandel RS, Gupta M, Sharma S, PL Verma & Chandel A. 2021. Impact of Palekar’s natural farming on farmer’s economy in Himachal Pradesh. Indian Journal of Ecology, 48: 873-878.
Elizaer NAR, Ravichandran K & U Antony. 2019. The impact of the green revolution on the indigenous crops of India. Journal of Ethnic Food, 6:1-11.
Khadse A, Rosset PM, Morales H & Ferguson BG. 2017. Taking agroecology to scale: the zero budget atural farming peasant movement in Karnataka. Indian Journal of Peasant Studies, 45:9-12.
Khadse A, & Rosset PM. 2019. Zero Budget Natural Farming in India–from Inception to Institutionalization. Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems, 37:1-24.
Krishnakumar S, Saravanan A, Natarajan SK, Veerabadran V & Mani S .2005. Microbial population and enzymatic activity as influenced by organic farming. Research journal of biological sciences, 1:85-88.
Meena VS, Maurya BR, Bohra JS, Verma R, Meena MD. 2013. Effect of concentrate manure and nutrient levels on enzymatic activities and microbial population under submerged rice in alluvium soil of Varanasi. Crop Research International Journal, 45(3): 1-9.
Ministry of Commerce (2021). Agriculture in India: Information about Indian Agriculture and its Importance. https://www.ibef.org/industry/agriculture-india
Nagavani AV, Subbain P. 2015. Effect of organics and inorganic on soil microbial population and enzymatic activity in maize-maize cropping system. Progressive Agriculture, 15(1): 9-14
Palekar S. 2005. The Philosophy of Spiritual Farming Amravati: Zero Budget Natural Farming Research, Development and Extension Movement. Amravati.
Pareek N & Yadav BL. 2011. Effect of organic manure on soil physic-chemical properties, soil microbial biomass and yield of mustard under irrigation of different residual sodium carbonate water. Journal of the Indian soil science, 59:335-342
Poeplau C & Don A. 2015. Carbon sequestration in agricultural soils via cultivation of cover crops-a meta-analysis. Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment, 200: 33–41
Tripathi S & Tauseef S. 2018. Zero Budget Natural Farming, for the sustainable Development Goals. Andhra Pradesh.
Haldhar SM, Jat GC, Deshwal H, Gora JS & Singh D. 2017. Insect pest and disease management in organic farming. Book ‘Towards Organic Agriculture’ edited by B. Gangwar and N. K. Jat. Today & Tomorrow’s Publishers, New Delhi, Page: 359-390, ISBN: 81-7019.
Bana RS, Dawar Rakesh, Haldhar SM, Godara S, Singh A, Bamboriya SD, Kumar V, Ishra AK & Choudhary M. 2022. Natural farming: Is it safe to march ahead? Journal of Agriculture and Ecology, 14: 01-11.
Sarangthem I, Haldhar SM, Mishra LK & Thakuria D. 2023. The book of abstract: international conference on natural farming for revitalizing environment and resilient agriculture (NF-RERA, 2023). Pub: College of Agriculture, CAU, Imphal, pp: 374, ISBN: 978-81-947184-4-4.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.