Plant growth and yield performance of pomegranate varieties under hot arid eco-system
Keywords:Pomegranate, canopy volume, fruit yield, juice per cent
Five pomegranate varieties were evaluated for vegetative growth and yield for five years during 2017-2021 under a hot arid eco-system. No significant difference was observed among varieties with respect to vegetative characters except canopy volume. The maximum canopy volume was observed in cultivar Jalore seedless (1.73 m3) followed by Bhagwa (0.78 m3) and minimum in variety Ganesh (0.40 m3). The physical fruit parameters and yield attributing characters were recorded as superior in Jalore Seedless exhibited maximum fruit weight (189.8 g), fruit volume (127.2 cc), test weight (282.2 g), total aril weight/fruit (123.8 g), number of fruits/plant (66.6) and yield/plant (12.63 kg) followed by Ganesh and minimum was recorded in Phule Arakta with fruit weight (128.2 g), fruit volume (89.2 cc), test weight (174.0 g), number of fruits/plant (46.2) and yield/plant (5.00 kg). Aril weight (0.28 g), aril length and width (9.99 x 7.22 mm) were also observed to be significantly high in Jalore Seedless. A non-significant difference in juice per cent was observed among Mridula, Jalore Seedless and Bhagwa, with a maximum in cultivar Mridula (58), followed by Jalore Seedless and Bhagwa (50.4) and a minimum in Ganesh (37.4). The highest juice TSS was found in Jalore Seedless (17.02 °Brix) followed by Ganesh (16.52 °Brix) and Bhagwa (15.18 °Brix), while it was significantly lower in Mridula (13.26 °Brix). Based on vegetative growth, fruit physical parameters and fruit yield the performance of Jalore Seedless was superior over the other four varieties under a hot arid environment.
Anonymous, 2021. Exports from India pomegranates fresh. Retrieved from https://www.agriexchange.apeda.gov.in
AOAC.1990. Official methods of analysis of the AOAC, 15th ed. Association of official analytical chemists. Arlington, VA, USA.
Bhat Deepa, Wali VK, Sharma Nirmal, Bakshi Parshant, Jamwal Mahital & Kumar Rajesh. 2019. Performance of Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) Cultivars under Subtropical Conditions of Jammu, India. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 8 (07): 2788-2793.
Debjit B, Harish G Kumar, BP Duraivel, S Aravind G & Kumar SKP. 2013. Medicinal uses of Punica granatum and its health benefits. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Photochemistry, 1 (5): 28-35.
Haldhar SM, Kumar R, Corrado G, Berwal MK, Gora JS, Thaochan N, Samadia DK, Hussain T, Rouphael Y, Kumar P & Basile B. 2022. A field screening of a pomegranate (Punica granatum) ex-situ germplasm collection for resistance against the false spider mite (Tenuipalpus punicae). Agriculture, 12: 1686. https:// doi.org/10.3390/agriculture12101686.
Kumar R, Haldhar SM, Gora JS & Berwal MK. 2021. Effect of flower regulation on biotic and abiotic stress management in Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) under hot arid climate. Journal of Agriculture and Ecology, 11: 44–51. https://journals.saaer.org.in/index.php/jae/article/view/372.
Meena CL, Meena RK, Sarolia DK, Dashora LK & Singh, D. 2018. Effect of integrated nutrient management on fruit quality of pomegranate cv. Ganesh. Journal of Agriculture and Ecology, 5: 67–75.
Mir M, Sofi AA, Singh DB & Khan FU. 2007. Evaluation of pomegranate cultivars under temperate conditions of Kashmir valley. Indian Journal of Horticulture, 64 (2): 150-154.
Misra RS, Srivastava, RP & Kuksal, RP. 1983. Evaluation of some pomegranate cultivars for Valley areas of Garhwal hills. Progressive Horticulture, 15:24-26.
Pareek OP. 1978. Establishment and growth of some exotic pomegranate cultivars under three training systems in the semi-arid region of Rajasthan. Udyanika 2: 39-44.
Samaddar HN & Chakrabarti U. 1988. Effect of different rootstocks on Himsagar and Langra mango. Acta Horticulturae, 231: 220-224.
Sharma N & Bist HS 2005. Evaluation of some pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) cultivars under mid hills of Himachal Pradesh. Acta Horticurae. 696:103-105.
Verma MK, Lal S & Ahmad J. 2013. Performance of pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) cultivars for growth, yield and physico-chemical traits under Karewa edaphological conditions in temperate climate of Kashmir valley. Agriways, 1 (2): 125-131.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.