Bio-efficacy of ground plant powders on the population of Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) in stored green gram


  • B Ushasri College of Agriculture
  • KI Singh College of Agriculture
  • SM Haldhar College of Agriculture
  • TB Devi College of Agriculture
  • Lakshmi Jidung College of Agriculture
  • R Gokulnath College of Agriculture
  • LNK Singh College of Agriculture



Tribolium castaneum, Management, Adult mortality, Adult emergence, Germination percentage


Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) is one of the major insect pests of stored grains. Experiment was conducted for studying the efficiency of ground plant materials for management of T. castaneum in stored green gram and effect of plant powders on seed germination in laboratory of Department of Entomology, CoA, CAU, Imphal during the period 2021-2022. Studies on effect of plant powders on management of T. castaneum revealed that Black pepper @ 1.5g/kg seed shows maximum mean adult mortality of 100.00 per cent and Sweet flag @ 1.5g/kg seed shows lowest mean adult mortality of 33.33 per cent. Highest seed damage was recorded in Sweet flag @ 1.5g/kg seed (8.00 per cent) and least was in Black pepper @ 1.5g/kg seed (1.67 per cent). Maximum adult emergence was noted in treatment of Sweet flag @ 1.5g/kg seed (8.00 per cent) and lowest was in China berry @ 1.5g/kg seed (1.33 per cent). Evaluation of germination percentage reveals that minimum germination percentage was recorded in Black pepper @ 1.5g/kg seed (91.33 per cent) and maximum was in Indian wormwood @ 1.5g/kg seed (98.67 per cent) but none of the treatment recorded the percentage below the prescribed germination percentage of green gram. Plant powders offers efficient control of red flour beetle and these are available locally and did not show any adverse on the environment and hence can be recommended as alternatives to the chemical insecticides.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

B Ushasri, College of Agriculture

Department of Entomology

KI Singh, College of Agriculture

Department of Entomology

SM Haldhar, College of Agriculture

Department of Entomology

TB Devi, College of Agriculture

Department of Entomology

Lakshmi Jidung, College of Agriculture

Department of Entomology

R Gokulnath, College of Agriculture

Department of Entomology

LNK Singh, College of Agriculture

Department of pathology


Ajayi FA & Rahman SA. 2006. Susceptibility of Some Staple Processed Meals to Red Flour Beetle, Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Pak. J. Biol. Sci., 9: 1744-1748.

Faroni LRDA & Sousa AH. 2006. Aspectos biologicos etaxonomicos dos principais insetos-praga de produtos armazenados. Tecnologia de armazenagem em sementes. Campina Grande: UFCG, 1, 371-402.

Fields PG. 2006. Effect of Pisum sativum fractions on the mortality and progeny production of nine stored-grain beetles. J. Stored Prod. Res., 42, 86–96.

Govindan K, Geethanjali S, Brundha G & Pandiyan M. 2020. Effect of plant powders on pulse beetle, Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) and seed weight loss in stored black gram. J. Entomol. Zool. Stud., 8 (6): 61-66.

Haldhar SM & Deshwal HL. 2017. Fundamentals of Agriculture Entomology. New vishal publication, New Delhi pp: 1-452, ISBN: 819333970-3.

Hasseeb M, Liu TX & Jones WA. 2004. Effects of selected insecticides on Cotesia plutellae endoparasitoid of Plutella xylostella. Biol. Control., 49: 33-46.

Howe RW. 1956. The effect of temperature and humidity on the rate of development and mortality of Tribolium castaneum (Herbst). Ann. Appl. Biol., 44: 356368.

Iqbal Dr J, Jilani G & Aslam M. 2015. Growth inhibiting effects of three different plant extracts on Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Tenebrionidae: Coleoptera). J. Bioresour Manag., 2 (2): 6.

Isman MB. 2006. Botanical insecticides, deterrents and repellents in modern agriculture and an increasingly regulated world, Annu. Rev. Entomol., 51:45-66.

Keskin S & Ozkaya H. 2013. Effect of storage and insect infestation on the mineral and vitamin contents of wheat grain and flour. J. Econ. Entomol., 106(2): 1058-1063.

Khan SM & Siddiqui M. 1994. Assessment of some indigenous plants for their repellency against stored grain Tribolium castenteum (Herbst). Gomal Univ. J. Res., 14: 31-37.

Lorini I & Filho AF. 2004. Integrated pest management strategies used in stored grain in Brazil to manage phosphine resistance. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Controlled Atmosphere and Fumigation in Stored Products, Gold-Coast Australia, 293–300.

Mahdi SHA & Rahman K. 2009. Insecticidal effect of some spices on Callosobruchus maculatus (Fabricius) in black gram seeds. Univ. J. Zool. Rajshahi Univ., 27: 47-50.

Mohan S & Fields PG. 2002. A simple technique to assess compounds that are repellent or attractive to stored-product insects. J. Stored Prod. Res., 38: 23–31.

Padin S, Dal Bello G & Fabrizio M. 2002. Grain loss caused by Tribolium castaneum, Sitophilus oryzae and Acanthoscelides obtectus in stored durum wheat and beans treated with Beauveria bassiana. J. Stored Prod. Res., 38: 69-74.

Rees D. 2004. Insects of stored products. Collingwood, Vic.: CSIRO Publishing; 2004.

Salem S, Abou-Ela R, Matter M & El-Kholy M. 2007. Entomological effect of Brassica napus extracts on two store pests, sitophilus oryzae(L.) and Rhizopertha dominica(Fab.) (coleoptera). J .Appl. Sci. Res., 3:317-322.

Tatun N, Vajarasathira B, Tungjitwitayakul J & Sakurai S. 2014. Inhibitory effects of plant extracts on growth, development and Ia-amylase activity in the red flour beetle Tribolium castaneum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Eur. J. Entomol.111: 181–189.

Tripathi AK, Singh AK & Upadhyay S. 2009. Contact and fumigant toxicity of some common spices against the storage insects Callosobruchus maculatus(Coleoptera: Bruchidae) and Tribolium castaneum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Int. J. Trop. Insect Sci. 29: 151–155.

Umoetok SBA & Gerard MB. 2003. Comparative efficacy of Acorus calamus powder and two synthetic insecticides for control of three major insect pests of stored cereal grains. Glob. J. Agric. Sci., 2(2): 94-97.

Miah MA, Ali MR, Husna A and Mollah MMI. 2013. Efficacy of some botanicals against pulse beetle, Callosobruchus maculatus (fab.) on stored green gram, Vigna radiata. Bangladesh J. Entomol., 23(1): 11-20.




How to Cite

Ushasri, B., Singh, K., Haldhar, S., Devi, T., Jidung, L., Gokulnath, R., & Singh, L. (2022). Bio-efficacy of ground plant powders on the population of Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) in stored green gram. Journal of Agriculture and Ecology, 14(14), 37–43.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>