Microplastics: Devastation and destination in aquatic ecosystem


  • Shanta Kumari Eternal University
  • Chetan Chauhan Sardar Patel University




Aquatic biota, microplastics, microbeads, polymers, flora and fauna


Plastic pollution is a major global issue due to its non-biodegradability and persistence in nature. Plastics take thousands of years to degrade and can be converted into microplastics which are very harmful to all living biota due to their extensively small size (≤ 0.5 mm). Even though microplastics are not completely separated during wastewater treatment in plants (WWTPs). MPs are converted from highly stable and different kinds of polymers like polystyrene, polyethylene, etc., and radically distributed across the globe including the Arctic and Polar regions which fascinate scientists and researchers in addressing the issue. Due to the microscopic dimension of plastics, MPs has been entering through various pathways into the food webs of various aquatic fauna and indirectly or directly affecting the ecosystem including human health. Therefore, MPs are an inevitable and emerging threat especially for the aquatic ecosystems. This review discusses briefly the types, sources, chemical properties, and effects of MPs on aquatic biota.


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Author Biographies

Shanta Kumari, Eternal University

Department of Economics

Chetan Chauhan, Sardar Patel University

Department of Chemistry


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How to Cite

Kumari, S., & Chauhan, C. (2022). Microplastics: Devastation and destination in aquatic ecosystem. Journal of Agriculture and Ecology, 14(14), 12–20. https://doi.org/10.58628/JAE-2214-22