HPSI of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) varieties/ genotypes against fruit borers, Batrachedra amydraula and Arenipses sabella in hot arid region
Host plant resistance is an important component for management of the fruit borers, Batrachedra amydraula and Arenipses sabella owing to difficulties associated with its chemical and biological control. A total of 32 date palm varieties/ genotypes were evaluated for screening against the fruit borers in hot arid region. The results showed that the percentage of fruit infestation of fruit borers, B. amydraula and A. sabella on tested varieties/ genotypes of datepalm varied significantly. Pooled data showed that the Migra, Tayer, Javantri and Medjool were found highly tolerant varieties/ genotypes with fruit infestation (5.32%, 8.40%, 8.40%, 8.78% of B. amydraula and 4.33%, 5.27%, 5.62%, 5.52% of A. sabella, respectively). Whereas, the varieties/ genotypes Zahidi, Suriya, Khasab and Khuneizi had fruit infestation (29.88%, 28.33%, 28.27%, 27.05% of B. amydraula and 20.67%, 19.83%, 17.40%, 19.95% of A. sabella, respectively) and declared as highly infestation varieties/ genotypes to the fruit borers. Lower values of host plant susceptibility indices based on fruit infestation (HPSI) were recorded on resistance varieties/ genotypes, Migra, Tayer, Javantri and Medjool (31.63%, 49.97%, 49.97%, 52.25% of B. amydraula and 40.16%, 48.81%, 52.05%, 51.13% of A. sabella, respectively) which could be used as a source of resistance for developing date palm varieties/ genotypes resistant to fruit borers.
Blumberg D. 2008. Review: Date palm arthropod pests and their management in Israel. Phytoparasitica, 36 (5):411-448.
Carpenter JB & Elmer HS. 1978. Pests and diseases of the date palm. U.S. Dep. Agric. Agric. Handbk, 527: 1-42.
Dowson VHW. 1982. Date production and protection. Food and Agriculture organisation of the United Nations, Roma, FAO. Plant production and protection paper 35, pp.1-294.
Elmeer K, Sarwath H, Malek J, Baum M & Hamwieh A. 2011. New microsatellite markers for assessment of genetic diversity in date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.). Biotechnology, 1: 91-97.
Elwan AA. 2000. Survey of the insect and mite pests associated with date palm trees in Al-Dakhliya region. Sultanate of Oman. Egypt. Agriculture Research, 78 (2): 653-664.
Faleiro JR, El-Shafie HAF, Ajlan AM & Sallam AA. 2014. Screening date palm cultivars for resistance to red palm weevil, Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Florida Entomologist, 97(4):1529-1536.
Gogi MD, Ashfaq M, Arif MJ, Sarfraz RM & Nawab NN. 2010. Investigating phenotypic structures and allelochemical compounds of the fruits of Momordica charantia L. genotypes as sources of resistance against Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae). Crop protection, 29: 884–890.
Haldhar SM, Choudhary BR, Bhargava R & Sharma SK. 2013. Screening of ridge gourd varieties/ genotypes (Luffa acutangula) for resistance fruit fly (Bactrocera cucurbitae) in hot arid region of Rajasthan. Indian Journal of Arid Horticulture, 8 (1-2): 21-24.
Haldhar SM, Karuppaiah V, Muralidharan CM & Sharma SK. 2015. Insect-pests of date palm and their management. ‘Insect Pests Management of Fruit Crops’ edited by A. K. Pandey and Pramod. Mall published by Biotech Books, New Delhi: 405- 421, ISBN: 978-81-7622-358-4.
Haldhar SM, Maheshwari SK & Muralidharan CM. 2017. Pest status of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) in arid regions of India: a review. Journal of Agriculture and Ecology, 3: 1-11.
Holdgate DP & Zandvoort EA. 1997. Strategic considerations for the establishment of microorganism free tissue cultures for commercial ornamental micropropagation. In: pathogen and microbial contamination management in micropropagation. Cassells, A.C. (Ed.) Kluwer Academic Publications, Dordrecht. Pp.15-22.
Johnson DV, Al-Khayri JM & Jain SM. 2013. Seedling date palms (Phoenix dactylifera L.) as genetic resources. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture, 25(11): 809-830.
O’Connor BP. 2000. SPSS and SAS programs for determining the number of components using parallel analysis and Velicer’s MAP test. Behavior Research Methods, Instrumentation and Computer, 32: 396–402.
Sarfraz M, Dosdall LM & Keddie BA. 2006. Diamondback moth–host plant interactions: implications for pest management. Crop Protection, 25: 625–639.
Shahid I, Muhammad A, Muhammad AK & Nazir J. 2014. Cultivar variation of cauliflower against cabbage butterfly Pieris brassicae (L.) Pieridae: Lepidoptera. Pakishtan Journal of Agriculture Science, 51(2), 325-329.
Steel RGD, Torrie JH & Dickey DA. 1997. Analysis of variance II: multiway classifications. In: Steel RGD, Torrie JH, Dickey DA, Editors, Principles and Procedures of Statistics: A Biometrical Approach (third ed.), WCB/McGraw-Hill, USA, 204–252.
Swaminathan R & Haldhar SM. 2010. Biotic stresses in date palm due to pests- a review. National workshop on Date Palm, 4th October, 2010 at CIAH, Bikaner, pp 173-183.
Zaid A. 1999. African palm weevil, Rhynchophorus phoenicis F. attack on date palm in the Republic of South Africa and Zimbabwe. Middle East Red Palm Weevil Workshop, 26-29 January, 1999; Cairo-Egypt.