Comparative study of physicochemical parameters of groundwater and surface water of rawatsar, Hanumangarh (Rajasthan)
Keywords:Surface water, groundwater, water quality parameters, Hanumangarh
A study on the comparison of surface water and groundwater quality in Rawatsar Tehsil of Hanumangarh district (Rajasthan) was carried out. Different sites were selected for analysis of groundwater and surface water. Physicochemical parameters of water such as pH, EC, TDS, Turbidity, Alkalinity, Chloride, DO, COD, Na and K were analyzed using standard methods for all the samples. It was found that pH and EC were within the BIS permissible limit. All water samples have chloride content more than BIS standard values, showing the dominance of chloride ions in the study area. From the present study, surface water and groundwater samples have higher turbidity and high content of total dissolved solids, alkalinity, chloride, sodium and potassium. Groundwater dominates chloride, carbonate, sodium and potassium ions. Hence, surface water and groundwater need to be treated before end-use. This preliminary study needs to be researched further for a better understanding of hydrogeochemistry of groundwater and chemistry of surface water in Rawatsar.
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