Effect of auxins and cytokinin on budding and growth of saplings of bael (Aegle marmelos Correa.)- a medicinal plant
Keywords:Bael (Aegle marmelos Correa.), budding, growth regulators (NAA, IBA, BA)
In this investigation, NB-9 cultivar of bael (Aegle marmelos Correa.) was selected as mother plant for obtaining scion bud. The foliar spray of NAA, IBA and BA (25 and 50 ppm each) either on rootstock or/and scion branch was applied seven days prior to budding. The most responsive treatment was foliar spray on rootstocks with BA at 50 ppm concentration. Rootstocks treated with BA (50 ppm) resulted in early bud breaking (10.67 days), maximum bud sprouting percentage (100%), length of sprouted scion 30 days after budding (22 cm), diameter of sprouted scion (2.53 mm), number of leaves (7.13) and maximum scion growth initiation in plants (87.50%) as compared to other treatments. In another experiment, when plant growth regulators were applied to scion branch of mother plant at seven days prior to budding, did not respond satisfactorily with respect to almost all the parameters except bud sprouting percentage and bud survival percentage. These treatments failed to have promotive effect on length of scion shoot and percentage of plants with scion growth.
Chadha KL. 2001. Bael. In: A Handbook of Horticulture, ICAR, New Delhi.
Ferrguson J, Awigne WT, Allen LH & Koch KE. 1986. Growth of CO2 enriched sour orange seedlings treated with gibberellin/ cytokinins. Proceedings in Florida State Horticulture Society, 99: 37-39.
Fox JE. 1968. Molecular control of plant growth. Dickenson Publishers, Calif.
Haldhar SM, Karuppaiah V, Sharma SK & Singh RS. 2010. Population dynamics of lemon butterfly (Papilio demoleus) in Bael [Aegle marmelos] as influenced by abiotic factors in arid region of Rajasthan. Indian Journal of Arid Horticulture, 5 (1-2): 50-52.
Jauhari OS & singh RD. 1971. Indian Horticulture, 16(1): 9-10.
Kako SM, Karo SAM & Tawfik SI. 2012. Effect of Some Plant Growth Regulators on Different Peach (prunus persica Batsch) Cultivars Budding International Journal of Pure Applied Science & Technology, 12 (1) pp. 21-28
Moti, Dhar L & Chaturvedi OP. 1976. Propagation of some tropical and sub tropical fruits by budding. Punjab Horticulture Journal, 16 (1-2): 33-38.
Parkinson M & Yeaman MM. 1982. Graft formation in cultured explanted internodes. New Phytology 91: 711-19.
Phillips IDJ. 1965. Annual Review of Plant Physiology, 16: 291-332.
Samadia DK. 2016. Horticulture based crop production site management approach (HBCPSMA) – an innovative concept for doubling farm income under dry-lands. Journal of Agriculture and Ecology, 1: 1-9.
Shimomura T & Fuzihara K. 1977. Physiological study of graft union formation in cactus. Role of Auxin on vascular connection between stock and scion. Journal of Japanese Society of Horticultural Sciences, 45: 397-406.
Singh AK, Singh S, Makwana P & Sharma SK. 2016. Evaluation of bael germplasm under rainfed semi-arid environment of western India. International Journal for Noni Research, 11(1&2): 11-19.
Singh D & More TA. 2008. Hi Tech propagation of Arid fruit crops In Hi-Tech production of Horticulture (eds. More, et al.) Published by CIAH, Bikaner pp.176-190.
Singh LB. 1954. Propagating bael vegetatively. Science and Culture, 19: 485 - 486.
Singh RN & Roy SK. 1984. The Bael. ICAR, New Delhi, India.
Singh RS, Meena SR, Singh AK, Bhargava R & Sharma BD. 2015. Variability in bael (Aegle marmelos Correa) germplasm collected from Rajasthan. Indian Journal of Arid Horticulture, 10 (1 & 1): 91-93.
Singh UR, Pandey IC, Upadhaya MP & Prasad RS. 1976. Propagation of bael by budding. Punjab Horticultur Journal, 16: 57- 59.
Srivastava BIS. 1968. Mechanism of action of kinetin in the relation of senescence in excised leaves. P. 1479-1494. In. P. Wightman and G. Setterfield (eds.) Proc. 6th Intern. Conf. on Plant Growth Substances, July, 24-29, 1967, Carlton University Ottawa. The Range Press, Ottawa.
Tripathi A & Kumar R. 2004. Studies on the effect of method and time of budding in bael. Haryana Journal of Horticultural Science, 33 (3-4): 195-198.
Yashwanti, Sharma MK, Singh D, Kamlesh Kumar K & Sarolia DK. 2016. Microbudding in bael as influenced by foliar spray of NAA and BA on rootstock and scion. Journal of Agriculture and Ecology, 2: 32-36