Do bottom-up effects (resistance) of different accessions of Indian cherry (Cordia myxa L.) help against tingid bug [Dictyla cheriani (Drake)] attack?
The tingid bug, Dictyla cheriani (Drake) [Hemiptera: Tingidae] is an important pest of Indian cherry (Cordia myxa L.), leading to significant losses in yield in the hot arid agro-climate of India. The objectives of this study were to identify and categorize sources of resistance in India cherry accessions to D. cheriani from the arid region of India. We found that: three accessions were resistant; 3 accessions were moderately resistant; 2 accessions were moderately susceptible; 2 accessions were susceptible and three accessions were highly susceptible to D. cheriani infestation. Free amino acid had positive correlation with infestation, whereas phenols, tannin, alkaloid and flavonoid contents had significant negative correlation with infestation. The infestation had significant negative correlation with leaf length and width. Phenols and flavonoid contents explained (96.9 and 96.1%, respectively) of the total variation in bug infestation and in bug density per leaf. One principal component was extracted explaining cumulative variation of 90.07% in infestation. The flavonoid, alkaloid, tannins, phenols content, roughness and hairyness were the novel antibiosis and antixenotic characters found in Indian cherry accessions, which were resistant to D. cheriani. Growers can adopt potential accessions of Indian cherry (Cordia myxa L.) as identified for resistance (AHCM-22-1, AHCM-25 and AHCM-34 accessions) with minimal financial investment for obtaining higher yields. The bio-physical traits linked to resistance of Indian cherry against D. cheriani could be used as marker traits in plant breeding programmes to develop resistant cultivars.
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