Effect of supplementary feeding on the growth and economics of feeding of kids under semi-arid conditions

  • B S Khadda
  • Kanak Lata
  • Raj Kumar
  • J K Jadav
  • P Kalas


A trial was conducted at KVK- Panchmahal, Gujarat, India, to assess the effect of supplementation of concentrate and mineral mixture on growth of goats under semi-arid field condition. Thirty Gohilwadi growing kids (3-4 month old) were randomly divided into three groups of ten each. Group T1 (goats kept under sole grazing), T2 (goats fed 150 g concentrate mixture), and T3 (goats fed 150 g concentrate mixture and 10 g mineral mixture in addition to grazing). The duration of experimental feeding was 90 days in all the groups. Total weight gain in T1, T2 and T3 group was 3.22±0.98, 6.36±0.42and 7.15±0.58 kg, respectively of experiment feeding after 90 days. Average daily gain (g) was 35.83±7.22, 70.66±4.67and 79.44±6.47 in T1, T2 and T3, respectively. The kids in supplemented group (T2 and T3) achieved significantly higher body weight (17.42±.0.49 and 18.55±0.66 kg.) than the non-supplemented group (14.52±0.96). The net return from group T2 and T3 was significantly higher as compared T1. It could be concluded that supplementary feeding of concentrate and mineral mixture to the growing goats improve the growth performance of goats.


Download data is not yet available.


AOAC.1995. Official Methods of Analysis.16th end. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, D.C.
Chopade SR, Kalnade VH, Shelke SK & Dandage SD. 2010. Growth performance and economics of urea treated soybean straw based pelleted complete ration in kids. Indian Journal of Animal Nutrition, 27:138-141.
Choudhary JL & Jat HR. 2008. Effect of feeding different levels of cottonseed on the reproductive performance of Surti buffaloes. Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology, 8: 81-88.
Dangi PC. 2000. Effect of feeding urea Ammonia treated sorghum Stover on nutrient utilization by growing buffaloes. M Sc (Ag.) Thesis, Rajasthan collage of agriculture, Udaipur, India.
Khadda BS, Jadav JK, Kumar R & Bagle BG. 2009. Goat management Practices in Panchmahal district of Gujarat. Published in proceeding of National seminar on IT application in agriculture for livelihood society of farmers held at M.P.U.A. &.T, Udaipur dated 10-12/11/2009 pp 46-48.
Khadda BS, Lata K, Kumar R, Jadav JK & Khajuria S 2016. Effect of supplementary feeding on productive and reproductive performance of milch buffalo under field conditions in Panchmahal district of central Gujarat. Journal of Agriculture and Ecology, 2: 51-56.
Misra AK, Subha Reddy G & Ramkrishna YS. 2006. Participatory on farm evaluation of urea molasses mineral block as a supplement to crossbreed cows for dry season feeding in rain fed agro system of India. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 18 (2): 1-11.
Tripathi MK & Karim SA. 2008. Minerals requirement of small ruminants with special reference to their role in rumen fermentation-A Review, 14(1): 1-47.
Prache S, Bechet G & Thariez M. 1990. Effect of concentrate supplementation and herbage allowance on the performance of grazing suckling lambs. Grass and Forage Science, 45: 423-429.
Rekhate DH, Bhadane KP, Dhok AP, Madavi VB & Koskewar VV. 2004. Effect of arhar (Cajanus Cajan) straw based pelleted complete feed on the performance of goats. Proceeding of the 5th ANA Conference Bangalore, 24-26 November, PP. 64.
Snedecor GW & Cochran WG. 1994. Statistical Method, 7th Edn. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co., Calcutta, India.
Yadav CM, Khan PM, Panwar P, Jeenagar KL, Lakhawat SS & Nagar KC. 2010. Effect of concentrate and mineral mixture supplementation on growth performance of growing goats. Indian Journal of Small Ruminants, 16 (1): 109-110.
How to Cite
KHADDA, B S et al. Effect of supplementary feeding on the growth and economics of feeding of kids under semi-arid conditions. Journal of Agriculture and Ecology, [S.l.], v. 5, p. 61-66, june 2018. ISSN 2456-9410. Available at: <https://journals.saaer.org.in/index.php/jae/article/view/150>. Date accessed: 02 aug. 2021.
Body weight, concentrate mixture, feed, growing goats, mineral mixture, semi- arid.