Comparative study of physicochemical parameters of groundwater and surface water of rawatsar, Hanumangarh (Rajasthan)

  • Leela Kaur
  • Sonu Bala


A study on the comparison of surface water and groundwater quality in Rawatsar Tehsil of Hanumangarh district (Rajasthan) was carried out. Different sites were selected for analysis of groundwater and surface water. Physicochemical parameters of water such as pH, EC, TDS, Turbidity, Alkalinity, Chloride, DO, COD, Na and K were analyzed using standard methods for all the samples. It was found that pH and EC were within the BIS permissible limit. All water samples have chloride content more than BIS standard values, showing the dominance of chloride ions in the study area. From the present study, surface water and groundwater samples have higher turbidity and high content of total dissolved solids, alkalinity, chloride, sodium and potassium. Groundwater dominates chloride, carbonate, sodium and potassium ions.  Hence, surface water and groundwater need to be treated before end-use. This preliminary study needs to be researched further for a better understanding of hydrogeochemistry of groundwater and chemistry of surface water in Rawatsar.


Download data is not yet available.


Asare-Donkor NK, Boadu TA & Adimado AA. 2016. Evaluation of groundwater and surface water quality and human risk assessment for trace metals in human settlements around the Bosomtwe Crater Lake in Ghana. SpringerPlus, 5: 1812.
BIS. 1991. Bureau of Indian Standard: Indian Standard Specifications for Drinking Water (IS: 10500-1991).
Choudhary P, Dagankar A & Praveen S. 2007. Physiochemical analysis of groundwater for evaluation of drinking water quality at Dhār, M.P. National Environmental and Pollution Technology, 6 (1): 109-112.
Gandhi VP & Namboodiri NV. 2009. Groundwater Irrigation in India: Gains, costs and risks. Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, India. Retrieved from:
Ground water scenario Hanumangarh, Rajasthan. 2013. Central ground water board. Retrieved from:
Hydrogeological Atlas of Rajasthan Hanumangarh District. 2013. Ground water department, Rajasthan. Retrieved from: PublicReports/Groundwater_Atlas/Districts/Districtwise%20Atlas%20-%20Hanumangarh.pdf
Jha MK, Shekhar A & Jenifer MA. 2020. Assessing groundwater quality for drinking water supply using hybrid fuzzy-GIS-based water quality index. Water Research, 179: 115867.
Kumar D, Choure K, Gurnani C, Kumar V & Mukhija S. 2016. Physicochemical analysis of drinking water in Hanumangarh District,Rajasthan India. International Journal of Emerging Trends in Science and Technology, 3 (10): 4685-4694.
Lawrence E. 2017. Comparative quality analysis between surface water and groundwater. A case study of Otamiri river and water boreholes in owerri west, Imo State Nigeria. International Journal of Advanced Technology and Engineering Exploration, 4 (36): 168-175.
Mahananda MR, Mohanty BP & Behera NR. 2010. Physico-chemical analysis of ground and surface water. International Journal of Recent Research and Applied Studies, 2 (3): 284-295.
Maiti SK. 2011. Handbook of methods in Environmental studies: vol.1: water and waste water analysis. ABD Publishers, Jaipur pp. 1-296.
Maurya A. 2017. Assessment of Hydro-geochemical parameter of ground water at Rawatsar tehsil Hanumangarh district, Rajasthan. International journal of engineering research and technology, 6 (3): 484-487.
Midha R, Dhingra A & Malhotra G.2016.Physico-chemical characterization of Indira Gandhi canal, Sri Ganganagar (Rajasthan).International Journal for Environmental Rehabilitation and Conservation, 7 (1): 26-35.
Olasoji SO, Oyewole, NO, Bayode A & Edokpayi, JN. 2019. Water quality assessment of surface and groundwater sources using a water quality index method: A case study of a peri-urban town in Southwest, Nigeria. Environments 6: 23. doi:
Sankar MV, Abideen S, Selvam MB, Gunasekaran T & Bava MIHS. 2014. A comparative study of ground water by physico chemical parameter and water quality in the lalguditaluk of angaripancyayat of tiruchirappalli district tamilnadu, India. International Journal of Science, Environment and Technology, 3 (1):3 48-356.
Sharma S. 2011. Ground water quality appraisal in chhibramau block Kanauji district of Utter Pradesh. Annals of Plant and Soil Research, 13: 71-72.
Singh AK, Qadar A, Yadvansh NPS. 2009. Mineral nutrition of crop plants in salt affected areas in India. ICAR, New Delhi, CSSRI, Karnal. Retrieved from:
Singh G, Singh D & Sharma S. 2013. Effect of polluted surface water on groundwater. A case study of Budha Nullah. IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering, 5 (5): 1-8.
Tiwari AK, Singh AK, Singh AK & Singh MP. 2017. Hydrogeochemical analysis and evaluation of surface water quality of Pratapgarh district, Uttar Pradesh, India. Applied Water Science, 7: 1609–1623.
Toure A, Wenbiao D & Keita Z. 2017. Comparative study of the physico-chemical quality of water from wells, boreholes and rivers consumed in the commune of pelengana of the region of segou in Mali. Environmental Science Indian Journal, 13 (6): 1-13.
Verma P, Singh PK, Sinha RR & Tiwari AK. 2020. Assessment of groundwater quality status by using water quality index (WQI) and geographic information system (GIS) approaches: a case study of the Bokaro district, India. Applied Water Science, 10: 27.
How to Cite
KAUR, Leela; BALA, Sonu. Comparative study of physicochemical parameters of groundwater and surface water of rawatsar, Hanumangarh (Rajasthan). Journal of Agriculture and Ecology, [S.l.], v. 10, p. 58-68, dec. 2020. ISSN 2456-9410. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 18 may 2021.
Surface water, groundwater, water quality parameters, Hanumangarh