Effect of different nutrient formulations on growth and yield of Cordyline fruticosa grown in soilless culture system

  • S Vishnupandi
  • T Thangaselvabai

Abstract

Cut foliages are an important component of the floricultural industry, largely used in decoration as filler in floral compositions. They provide freshness, colour and variety to arrangements and bouquets. Cordyline fruticosa is an important cut green in the world trade and used worldwide for its beautiful foliage.The increasing demand for the production of quality cut foliages pressurizes the flower growers to adopt advanced technologies even under poor resource conditions. Soilless culture is one such production system that involves precise control of nutrition and efficient use of water, which in turn resulted in quality produce commanding premium price in the market. Owing to the above demand, the present investigation was carried out during 2017-18 at Horticultural College and Research Institute, Periyakulam to determine the effect of different nutrient formulations on growth and yield of Cordyline fruticosa grown in soilless culture system. Eight nutrient formulations were tested for its efficacy along with rain water as control and observations on growth and yield parameters were recorded. The results of the study revealed that Hoagland and Arnon- nutrient formulation increased growth and yield parameters of Cordyline fruticosa grown in soilless culture system.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

A DB. 2012. Effects of different combinations of Hoagland’s solution and Azolla filiculoides on growth and development of Beta vulgaris subsp. cycla ‘Fordhook Giant’ grown in hydroponic cultures. International Journal of the Physical Sciences, 7(33) doi: 10.5897/ijps12.320.
Azeezahmed SK, Dubey RK, Kukal SS & Sethi VP. 2016. Effect of different nitrogen-potassium concentrations on growth and flowering of chrysanthemum in a drip hydroponic system. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 39(13), 1891-1898. doi: 10.1080/01904167.2016.1187749.
Favero B, Carmello Q & Dias G. 2011. Vase life of new tropical cut foliage: Cordyline terminalis. Paper presented at the IV International Conference Postharvest Unlimited 2011 945.
Grotewold E. 2004. The challenges of moving chemicals within and out of cells: insights into thetransport of plant natural products. Planta, 219(5): 906-909.
Hassan I. 2005. Effect of rice straw compost and water regimes on growth performance of tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum L.). PhD thesis. Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia Karimaei, M. S., Massiha, S., & Mogaddam, M. (2004). Comparison of two nutrient solutions’ effect on growth and nutrient levels of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) cultivars.
Khalaj MA, Kiani S, Khoshgoftarmanesh AH, & Amoaghaie R. 2017. Growth, quality, and physiological characteristics of gerbera (Gerbera jamesonii L.) cut flowers in response to different NO3−: NH4+ ratios. Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology, 58(4): 313-323.
Li, H., & Cheng, Z. (2014). Hoagland nutrient solution promotes the growth of cucumber seedlings under light-emitting diode light. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B-Soil & Plant Science, 65(1): 74-82.
Mohidin H, Hanafi MM, Rafii YM, Abdullah SNA, Idris AS, Man S, Sahebi M. 2015. Determination of optimum levels of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium of oil palm seedlings in solution culture. Bragantia, 74(3): 247-254.
Ozzambak E & Zeybekoglu E. 2004. Serada topraksız gerbera yetiştiriciliği ve bazı yetiştirme ortamlarının karşılaştırılması (araştırma sonuçları): İzmir Ticaret Odası.
Panse VG. 1954. Statistical methods for agricultural workers: Indian Council of Agricultural Research; New delhi.
Sabareeswaran VS, Swarnapriya R & Kannan M. 2018. Standardization of growing media for hardening plantlets of Dendrobium var. Thongchai Gold. Journal of Agriculture and Ecology, 6: 64-70.
Sirin U. 2011. Effects of different nutrient solution formulations on yield and cut flower quality of gerbera (Gerbera jamesonii) grown in soilless culture system. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 6(21), 4910-4919.
Sonneveld C. 2002. Composition of nutrient solutions. Hydroponic production of vegetables and ornamentals. Embryo Publications, Athens, Greece, 179-210.
Published
2019-08-05
How to Cite
VISHNUPANDI, S; THANGASELVABAI, T. Effect of different nutrient formulations on growth and yield of Cordyline fruticosa grown in soilless culture system. Journal of Agriculture and Ecology, [S.l.], v. 8, p. 24-29, aug. 2019. ISSN 2456-9410. Available at: <http://journals.saaer.org.in/index.php/jae/article/view/222>. Date accessed: 14 oct. 2019.
Keywords
Cut foliage, Cordyline fruticosa, Soilless culture system, Hoagland and Arnon nutrient formulation